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Domestic renewable energy generation: 2020 targets and perspectivesPublished: 8 of March, 2016

According to Directive 2009/28/EC (hereafter: Directive), the share of energy generated from renewable sources in Hungary has to increase from what is currently about 10% of the total gross energy consumption of year 2020 to at least 13%. At the same time the National Renewable Energy Action Plan of Hungary (NREAP) boosted this target to 14.65%. However, it is the obligatory 13% target of the Directive that is important. If the renewable ratio exceeds this level, then Hungary can sell the difference to another EU member state through a statistical transfer. If, however, Hungary fails to reach the targeted renewable ratio, it will have to purchase the deficit from a country in surplus, which could cost more than domestic renewable production.On top of the 13% renewable ratio, the Directive requires that by 2020 each member state should secure at least 10% of the energy consumption of its transport sector from renewable sources (biofuels and renewable based electricity). No additional sector specific obligatory target is set by the Directive, meaning the separate heat and electricity targets of the NREAP should only be viewed as guidance.