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Disruptions: short term supply securityPublished: 1 of July, 2006

This section addresses the issue whether the 2004 enlargement has caused any disruption in the functioning of the EU Internal Energy Market (IEM). The effects of and the solutions adopted for any such disruptions are also considered.

Market opening and competitionPublished: 1 of July, 2006

The 2004 expansion of the European Union to 10 new countries has altered both the energy markets and participating companies in these new Member States. Discussed in this chapter is how the 2004 EU enlargement has impacted both countries and companies in ...

Regulatory Framework and Implementation CapacityPublished: 1 of July, 2006

The Energy Acquis Communautaire identifies the body of common rights and obligations in the area of energy which is binding for all the Member States of the EU. This broad definition includes rules and policies on:Competition;State aid (including support ...

Renewable energy sourcesPublished: 1 of July, 2006

This chapter aims at providing answers to the following questions:To what extent are the new Member States complying with their obligations in the field of renewable energy sources?Has the 2004 enlargement led to an increase in (public and private) ...

Report on energy efficiencyPublished: 1 of July, 2006

The questions to be asked in this chapter are: What has been the impact of the Accession process in the field of energy efficiency? Are the economies of the New Member States (NMSs) less energy intensive and what have been the drivers behind decline in ...

Central and Eastern European Gas Market: Legal and Market Pre-AnalysesPublished: 1 of January, 2006

The energy market, especially the gas market has been reshaped all over Europe. To enhance the competitiveness of the European Community on the global market the key element is to find or create new, more efficient and profitable markets. The ...

Comparative Legal Study in Central and Eastern EuropePublished: 1 of January, 2006

The market of electricity and its legislation both national and international is in a state of transition towards a market fully liberalized. Inour region, i.e. Central and Eastern Europe, changes are triggered by the endeavours of the new Member States ...

Finding the Barriers Preventing Increased Cooperation and Coordination in Central and Eastern EuropePublished: 1 of January, 2006

Since early 2005 there has been a general emphasis on preventing the stalling of the liberalisation of electricity and gas markets. Examined in this chapter are the perpective of market participants who identified key obstacles preventing greater ...

Preconditions of Electricity Market Integration in Seven Central and Southern Eastern European CountriesPublished: 1 of January, 2006

This review is carries out to assess the potential of greater integration in the Central European electricity market which would fit the requirements of Directive 54/2003/EC and connected regulations. First I will summarise the essential features of ...