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In this section we listed our papers published in academic journals, books and other pieces not published by REKK.

A modelling-based assessment of EU supported natural gas projects of common interestEnergy Policy volume 166 (2022) - scholarly articlesPublished: 9 of September, 2022

Between 2013 and 2020 the EU set up a complex institutional system to select and support the implementation of energy infrastructure projects that are of European interest (PCIs). EUR 1. 4 billion EU support was awarded to 16 natural gas projects between ...

Multiobjective and social cost-benefit optimisation for a sustainable hydrogen supply chain: Application to HungaryApplied Energy Volume 325 - scholarly articlesPublished: 9 of September, 2022

This article presents a comprehensive approach to design hydrogen supply chains (HSCs) targeting industrial and mobility markets. Even if the inclusion of sustainability criteria is paramount, only a few studies simultaneously consider economic ...

Opinion brief to the upcoming Energy Council of September 9, 2022Proposal to manage the current EU energy market crisis in a fair and market compatible manner by introducing a ‘skimming mechanism’ in the form of a fee added to the current regulated cross-border gas entry tariff for pipeline gas suppliers to the EU - policy briefPublished: 5 of September, 2022

The origin of the current EU energy market crisis is the manipulation of its natural gas market. Extreme gas wholesale prices are direct consequences of the withholding of Russian gas deliveries to the European market. As extreme gas prices spill over to ...

Urban heat islands - Do we have enough water to mitigate urban heat waves?30 of July, 2022 - policy briefPublished: 30 of July, 2022

On 26 May 2022, the REKK Foundation and the REKK Water Economics Unit organised a workshop with the participation of researchers, NGOs, professional organisations and representatives of the water utility sector dealing with the urban heat island ...

Quick and dirty? Evaluating short-term gas demand reduction potential in Europepolicy briefPublished: 7 of April, 2022

Our previous policy brief (REKK 01/2022) examined supply side options to substitute for Russian gas, finding short-term alternative pipeline sources to be maximized and additional LNG volumes limited. An additional 500 TWh/year (~50 bcm/year) of EU LNG ...

Russia’s energy weapon – Examining how a reduction of gas exports can impact European pricesPolicy Brief - policy briefPublished: 7 of March, 2022

The 24 February 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine marks a new epoch in modern history. The first days of the war moved many Western countries to impose economic sanctions on Russia despite the leverage it has over Europe with energy supplies, especially ...

Is border carbon adjustment the right tool for the power sector?Climate Policy - scholarly articlesPublished: 5 of March, 2022

Carbon leakage occurs in any carbon pricing regime that is not global, which means all of them so far. That is inherently unfair to sectors that are subject to a carbon price but compete with those that are not. The European Green Deal aims to rectify ...

Is Russia to blame for high European gas prices?Reasons behind the high gas prices and the way ahead in 2022 - policy briefPublished: 19 of October, 2021

Since March 2021 the European wholesale natural gas price has rose steadily above the pre-COVID 2019 levels reaching hights never seen before, leading to gas to coal switch in the power production and demand reduction in industrial production. Analysing ...

Renewable targets and policies in the transport sector of the Danube Regionpolicy briefPublished: 13 of April, 2021

The EU member countries of the Danube Region (DR) are committed to the RES-T target required by regulation, which is 14% by 2030. Despite the trend of steadily increasing GHG emissions in transportation, all DR member states project emission reductions ...