Tag / policy brief

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Quick and dirty? Evaluating short-term gas demand reduction potential in EuropeResearch paper

Our previous policy brief (REKK 01/2022) examined supply side options to substitute for Russian gas, finding short-term alternative pipeline sources to be maximized and additional LNG volumes limited. An additional 500 TWh/year (~50 bcm/year) of EU LNG ...

Russia’s energy weapon – Examining how a reduction of gas exports can impact European pricesPolicy BriefResearch paper

The 24 February 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine marks a new epoch in modern history. The first days of the war moved many Western countries to impose economic sanctions on Russia despite the leverage it has over Europe with energy supplies, especially ...

Is Russia to blame for high European gas prices?Reasons behind the high gas prices and the way ahead in 2022Research paper

Since March 2021 the European wholesale natural gas price has rose steadily above the pre-COVID 2019 levels reaching hights never seen before, leading to gas to coal switch in the power production and demand reduction in industrial production. Analysing ...

Renewable targets and policies in the transport sector of the Danube RegionResearch paper

The EU member countries of the Danube Region (DR) are committed to the RES-T target required by regulation, which is 14% by 2030. Despite the trend of steadily increasing GHG emissions in transportation, all DR member states project emission reductions ...

The development of renewable heating and cooling in the Danube RegionResearch paper

Renewables in the heating and cooling (H& C) sector account for a very significant part of overall RES consumption in the DR even though the sector does not have near the level of applied support schemes and policies as sectors like power and ...

The future of natural gas in the Danube RegionResearch paper

Import dependency in the Danube Region (DR) is very high - on average (76%) - and above 80% in 10 out of the 14 DR countries. The share of gas consumption in DR is similar to the EU28 (~24%) while coal is much higher - 26% compared to 14%There is a common ...

The future of the electricity sector in the Danube RegionResearch paper

This policy brief covers individual DR national energy and climate strategies and the expected developments in the region. changes in power mixes between 2020 and 2030, the role of renewable energy deployment, planned investments to reinforce electricity ...

Hatással van-e a verseny intenzitása a megújuló aukciókon kialakult árakra?Research paper

A megújuló aukciók viszonylatában kulcsfontosságú tényező a verseny intenzitása. Elemzésünk központi kérdése hét esettanulmány vizsgálatán keresztül, hogy az intenzívebb verseny alacsonyabb árakat eredményez-e. Erre a kérdésre modellezés segítségével ...

Regional vision on "Challenges and opportunities for Ukraine gas market integration - How can the neighbours contribute"Research paper

The Central and South East European Energy Policy Forum (CSEEPF), organized by the REKK Foundation, addresses a sensitive and timely energy policy topic every year. This year the topic was the future of the Ukrainian gas market and gas transit via ...

What to do about the Croatian LNG?Research paper

Although the preparation work for the commissioning of the LNG terminal by the island of Krk has been ongoing for more than decade, during the course of which there have been several modifications, the prospect of the project’s realisation is ...